What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is one of 485 natural occurring compounds currently identified made by Cannabis plants. Since the industrial hemp form of Cannabis was just recently legalized once again in the US, information is changing and expanding dynamically. This number may well increase as research proceeds, because both formal scientific researchers and self-reporting citizen scientists are realising an undiscovered universe in the hemp plant. All forms of Cannabis have a large variety of cannabinoids, flavonoids (called cannaflavins in hemp), omega fatty acids, phenols, chlorophyll, and many other compounds contained in a full plant extract. The amount or even presence in some cases of some or other of the compounds is determined by the kind, or cultivar (strain) of Cannabis from which the extract was obtained, the growing conditions including soil, moisture, and sunlight, and the type and procedures used for extraction of that particular extract from the plant material.
Cannabidiol, or CBD in organic chemistry shorthand, was discovered in 1940. It is actually a phytocannabinoid, which is a plant (phyto – plant) derived cannabinoid, a term most often used when referring to Cannabis derived cannabinoids that have the ability to effectively bind to receptor cells in the body. Those receptors are known as the endocannabinoid system, a new frontier undergoing vast research to explore the possibilities in wellness and medical applications. The human body produces endocannabinoids, Cannabis makes a large variety and quantity of cannabinoids in the plant world with some other plants, fruits, and flowers following suit, and others are made with chemicals and therefore, artificially.
The endocannabinoid system, for decades little understood and thought only to reside in the brain and intestinal tract, are now known to occur in nearly every bodily system including the nervous, muscular, skeletal, endocrine, vascular, and others. What makes the cannabinoids of such interest to medical research is their ability to bind with endocannabinoid receptors, helping regulate various bodily functions, reactions, sensations, and helping to generate changes in how, where, and the strength of neurotransmitters released in the brain. The great part is it does it naturally, without side effects, addiction and dependency, or tolerance buildup.
When CBD or any other cannabinoid joins up or acts on a receptor, it does so through what is called a ligand. Ligands are formed when a compound like CBD, the biomolecule, meets up with a receptor protein, forming a complex. Ligands always have a biological purpose for forming, and act as a sort of signaling or message transmission system to the neurotransmitters, telling them to modify what they tell the brain. Ligands usually send messages that start a process to fix, to help, or to resist, in very simplified terms. They act like a traffic signal to let the endocannabinoid-neurotransmitters know the type of action to tell the brain, as well as the other systems in the body, to start or stop processing.
The cannabinoid most people are used to hearing about is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. THC is the chemical in some cultivars of Cannabis that gets you “high”, or in science terms, creates a psychoactive effect. The use of the word psychoactive for “getting a buzz” is really a misapplication of the word, because psychoactive means “affecting the mind”, and lots of things affect the mind, from THC to alcohol to a wide range of prescription drugs to more commonly adrenaline and other compounds (hundreds of them in fact) that the body naturally produces. Each one has its own action and response, and does a particular “thing” in terms of what it tells the brain to do, feel, or act upon. Total spectrum CBD oil has very low levels of THC, well below federal standard limits, and it will not provide a psychoactive response. It might, however, help you to relax, release anxiety, or bolster your mood* based on your own physiological needs.
Federal limits for THC content in a manufactured or processed for sale product must fall below 0.3% (0.003 out of 100) to be legal to sell. CBD will not get you high, it will not get you a “buzz”, and it cannot get you “stoned” if you wanted it to. The chemical is not the same, and does not do the same thing. It is kind of like having a glass of pure water sitting next to a glass of vodka. They might look similar, but they are very different. The Bearded Hempster has independent, third party laboratory analysis done on every batch of cannabidiol oil, both to verify the various cannabinoid and terpene concentrations and to verify quality, lack of pesticides and residues, and to certify there are no microbes present. That information can be located under our Learn: Lab Reports menu. You will always be able to see exactly what is in every bottle of high quality, as close to nature as possible.
Cannabis that is grown to produce a wide spectrum CBD oil is primarily derived from proprietary cultivar varieties, or strains as they are commonly called, that are both high in CBD – cannabidiol – and very, very low in THC after processing. They also are bred to include as many terpenes, flavonoids, phenols, and other components that have shown promise in helping with various wellness and well-being conditions* as can be gained. They have been carefully crossbred just like would occur in nature by way of cross-pollination. That is why all fields used for growing The Bearded Hempster hemp use no-till cultivation practices and a healthy green crop like alfalfa or cilantro to attract beneficial insects – pollinators – as well as predatory insects who feed on bugs, worms, flies, or any other insect that doesn’t take the hint from hemp’s natural pest defenses to stay away. We disturb the soil as little as possible, minimizing erosion and loss of nutrients, while enhancing the soil with nitrogen, minerals, and plant matter that helps keep moisture where it is needed while supplying nutrients to the plants, all through completely organic, best sustainable agricultural practices.
In fact, most quality hemp used for CBD extraction has been tinkered with very little, as the cultivars are stable, long established strains that work with natural elements, organic fertilizers, natural pest control, and other wholesome growing conditions that make them well rounded in terms of their habits, growth, and chemical content. In other words, they are as close to wild and natural as is practical, but grown for the best ingredients that can be produced by the plant.
CBD is one over 200 known cannabinoids so far identified in Cannabis plants. Depending on the subspecies, or cultivar, CBD may make up as much as 40% by volume of the cannabinoids extracted during processing. CBD, chemically shown as C21H30O2, is not soluble in water. In a totally pure state it is an inert, colorless, crystalline solid. This pure, highly refined and extremely strong crystalline CBD is what has been approved for use in newly approved anti-epileptic medications to treat Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet’s Syndrome, two previously untreatable, deadly forms of epilepsy found in children. How it interacts with bases or acids, and combines or breaks down in the body, is a very complex topic left to the psychopharmacology experts, as CBD is a chameleon of sorts, taking on characteristics very different depending on what is present for it to work with in solution.
CBD is just one of a host of “goodies” in organic hemp raised for healthy extraction. Hemp, the “industrial” name for the Cannabis plant, does not contain sufficient THC to even detect it in some varieties. It also looks considerably different than Cannabis grown for medical marijuana purposes. Tall, industrial hemp can reach well over 6-8’ in height, is far less bushy, and often is grown in outside fields rather than in grow houses like Cannabis grown for medical or recreational purposes.Most medical or recreational hemp is grown in grow houses to control light, temperature, moisture, and other conditions. CBD hemp is grown to maximize the full range of components that encourage the entourage effect, while grow house plants have different expectations and most often are grown to increase THC content, some particular terpenes for flavors and fragrances, and other components.
CBD is just one of a host of “goodies” in organic hemp raised for healthy extraction. Hemp, the “industrial” name for the Cannabis plant, does not contain sufficient THC to even detect it in some varieties. It also looks considerably different than Cannabis grown for medical marijuana purposes. Tall, industrial hemp can reach well over 6-8’ in height, is far less bushy, and often is grown in outside fields rather than in grow houses like Cannabis grown for medical or recreational purposes.
You can always be assured that every product from The Bearded Hempster has been grown and processed with maximum attention paid to all the various stages of production to bring all the elements necessary for high quality, stable components together and fully available to you. Our products have one goal in mind, being fully available for the potential of improving your life and the lives of those you care about.